CHAPTER VI - DIRECTIVE PRINCIPLES OF STATE POLICY AND FUNDAMENTAL DUTIES
Principles of State Policy.
27. (1) The Directive Principles of State Policy herein contained shall guide Parliament, the President and the Cabinet of Ministers in the enactment of laws and the governance of Sri Lanka for the establishment of a just and free society.
The State is pledged to establish in Sri Lanka a democratic socialist
society, the objectives of which include -
the full realization of the fundamental rights and freedoms of all
the promotion of the welfare of the People by securing and
protecting as effectively as it may, a social order in which justice
(social, economic and political) shall guide all the institutions of the
national life ;
the realization by all citizens of an adequate standard of living
for themselves and their families, including adequate food, clothing and
housing, the continuous improvement of living conditions and the full
enjoyment of leisure and social and cultural opportunities ;
the rapid development of the whole country by means of public and
private economic activity and by laws prescribing such planning and
controls as may be expedient for directing and coordinating such public
and private economic activity towards social objectives and the public
the equitable distribution among all citizens of the material
resources of the community and the social product, so as best to subserve
the common good ;
the establishment of a just social order in which the means of
production, distribution and exchange are not concentrated and centralised
in the State, State agencies or in the hands of a privileged few, but are
dispersed among, and owned by, all the People of Sri Lanka ;
(g) raising the moral and cultural standards of the People, and ensuring the full development of human personality ; and
the complete eradication of illiteracy and the assurance to all
persons of the right to universal and equal access to education at all
The State shall safeguard the independence, sovereignty, unity and the
territorial integrity of Sri Lanka.
The State shall strengthen and broaden the democratic structure of
government and the democratic rights of the People by decentralizing the
administration and by affording all possible opportunities to the People
to participate at every level in national life and in government.
The State shall strengthen national unity by promoting co-operation and
mutual confidence among all sections of the People of Sri Lanka, including
the racial, religious, linguistic and other groups, and shall, take
effective steps in the fields of teaching, education and information in
order to eliminate discrimination and prejudice.
The State shall ensure equality of opportunity to citizens, so that no
citizen shall suffer any disability on the ground of race, religion,
language, caste, sex, political opinion or occupation.
The State shall eliminate economic and social privilege and disparity, and
the exploitation of man by man or by the State.
The State shall ensure that the operation of the economic system does not
result in the concentration of wealth and the means of production to the
The State shall ensure social security and welfare.
The State shall assist the development of the cultures and the languages
of the People.
The State shall create the necessary economic and social environment to
enable people of all religious faiths to make a reality of their religious
The State shall recognize and protect the family as the basic unit of
The State shall promote with special care the interests of children and
youth, so as to ensure their full development, physical, mental, moral,
religious and social, and to protect them from exploitation and
The State shall protect, preserve and improve the environment for the
benefit of the community.
The State shall promote international peace, security and co-operation,
and the establishment of a just and equitable international economic and
social order, and shall endeavour to foster respect for international law
and treaty obligations in dealings among nations.
28. The exercise and enjoyment of rights and freedoms is inseparable from the performance of duties and obligations, and accordingly it is the duty of every person in Sri Lanka -
(a) to uphold and defend the Constitution and the law ;
(b) to further the national interest and to foster national unity ;
(c) to work conscientiously in his chosen occupation ;
(d) to preserve and protect public property, and to combat misuse and waste of public property ;
(e) to respect the rights and freedoms of others ; and
to protect nature and conserve its riches.
of State Policy and fundamental duties not justiciable.
The provisions of this Chapter do not confer or impose legal rights or
obligations, and are not enforceable in any court or tribunal. No question
of inconsistency with such provisions shall be raised in any court or
29. The provisions of this Chapter do not confer or impose legal rights or obligations, and are not enforceable in any court or tribunal. No question of inconsistency with such provisions shall be raised in any court or tribunal.