The government spent Rs 425 billion for North and East reconstruction from 2006 to 2011.
The government has spent a large sum for resettlement, demining, renovation of tanks and reconstruction activities in former conflict areas since 2006, Economic Development Ministry Additional Secretary Nihal Somaweera said.
A large number of tanks in these provinces, including Yoda Wewa, have been renovated while a number of housing projects have also been implemented.
Ninety five percent of reconstructions activities have already been completed, he said.
The Indian government and NGOs have also implemented housing programmes.
The Economic Development Ministry housing project was implemented in the Northern Province in 2006 and completed in 2011. Around 17,000 houses out of the total had been completed after May 2009, he said. The government has also helped the war affected communities' livelihood and cultivated paddy, vegetables and fruit in a large area.
Measures were also taken to increase milk production in the North and East provinces, the Additional Secretary said.
Soon after the conclusion of the Humanitarian Operation, the government initiated a mega development drive to develop the Northern Province aiming to make the five districts of the North; Jaffna, Kilinochchi, Mullativu, Vavuniya and Mannar to be the most developed parts of the country.
Under this, projects are carried out to expedite de-mining activities and resettlement, build and repair houses roads and bridges in the districts.
Projects to develop the status of health and education, supply facilities for livelihood of the people are also afoot to boost the social infrastructure of the districts. The government is also expanding the provision of electricity to the households in these five districts. Projects for construct irrigation systems and water supply and sanitation are also carried out to make the Northern Province developed.
The government took immediate steps to clear landmines, resettle the displaced and establish democracy in the province.
Elections were held in March 2008 to the Local Authorities after lapse of 14 years. Elections of members to the first ever Eastern Provincial Council were held in May 2008.
For the first time in nearly three decades, the people of the Eastern Province were able to fully exercise their right to participate in the democratic process, a right which was denied to them by the LTTE. With the elections, the Batticaloa Municipal Council was established and Batticaloa’s first Lady Mayor, Sivageetha Prabagaran was elected.
A year and a half since the elections, the Eastern Province has seen massive development in all sectors. There is significant improvement in the civil administration, livelihoods of people, education sector, economy and infrastructure restoration as well as security in the region.
Under the “Negenahira Navodaya” Programme major development projects have commenced and some completed in all three districts of the Eastern Province. The programme aims to promote de-militarization, development, democratization and devolution in the East. Thus, it incorporates the core components of the Mahinda Chintana which are restoration of law and order and civil administration, equitable resource allocation among all communities, speedy implementation of the de-mining programme, restarting livelihood activities and reconstruction of damaged social and economic patterns, as well as restoring in infrastructure.
The government’s expenditure between 2006 – 2008 for re-settlement, economic infrastructure, productive sector and social infrastructure was Rs.12 240.55, 81 951.51, 2 662.10 and 5 545.94 millions respectively.