Sri Lanka, for the first time, was ranked in the “high human development” category of the United Nations Human Development Program (UNDP) “Human Development Report (HDR) 2013”.
Sri Lanka’s Human Development Index (HDI) value for 2012 is 0.715—in the high human development category—positioning the country at 92 out of 187 countries and territories. Between 1980 and 2012, Sri Lanka’s HDI value increased from 0.557 to 0.715, an increase of 28 percent or average annual increase of about 0.8 percent.
Between 1980 and 2012, Sri Lanka’s life expectancy at birth increased by 7.0 years, mean years of schooling increased by 2.3 years and expected years of schooling increased by 2.7 years. Sri Lanka’s Gross National Income (GNI) per capita increased by about 229 percent between 1980 and 2012.
Sri Lanka has a Gender Inequality Index (GII) value of 0.402, ranking it 75 out of 148 countries in the 2012 index. In Sri Lanka, 5.8 percent of parliamentary seats are held by women, and 72.6 percent of adult women have reached a secondary or higher level of education compared to 75.5 percent of their male counterparts. For every 100,000 live births, 35 women die from pregnancy related causes; and the adolescent fertility rate is 22.1 births per 1000 live births. Female participation in the labour market is 34.7 percent compared to 76.3 for men.
In comparison Pakistan and India are ranked at 123 and 132 respectively on this index.
Sri Lanka launched the Global Human Development Report on April 2, 2013 in collaboration with the Lakshman Kadirgamar Institute for International Relations and Strategic Studies.
Speaking at the Sri Lankan launch of the HDR, External Affairs Minister G.L Peiris stressed the importance of equality in development. “GDP growth needs to be accompanied by social equity; the tangible improvement of lives. Development cannot be an abstraction of figures for most of society,” he said.
The 2013 Human Development Report presents Human Development Index (HDI) values and ranks for 187 countries and UN-recognized territories, along with the Inequality-adjusted HDI for 132 countries, the Gender Inequality Index for 148 countries, and the Multidimensional Poverty Index for 104 countries.
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