Post-domestic developments in post-conflict era and gradual recovery of the global economic situation have created conducive environment for growth of the ICT workforce. As a result, the overall workforce has grown from 50,159 in 2010 to 75,107 in 2013 – a rise of 50% at compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.4%.
The projection figure of 82,854 for 2014 suggests that this momentum is likely to continue in the future also. Respective contributions by four sub sectors to the total workforce 2013 are 40.8% from ICT companies, 47.1% from non-ICT private sector users, 7.8% from Government organisations and 4.2% from BPO companies.
The most important job categories for non-ICT companies in private sector are system and network administration (19.7%), data base administration and development (17.9%) and technical support (15.3%).
Female participation of the workforce has improved from 21% in 2009 to 29% in 2013. BPO companies have significantly contributed to improve the gender balance in ICT workforce. The gender composition without BPO companies drops down to 24.8%.
In 2013, the share of employees with a degree or above has increased up to 63%, an improvement in the qualifications profile of the ICT workforce. The highest share of graduates is in ICT companies (70%) and in other sub sectors; it remains around 30-35%.
Demand for number of graduates in 2014 is 6246. Compared with the demand projection for 2010 in the last survey, this represents a 57% increase, implying a 16.3% of CAGR. The respective shares of demand originated from ICT companies 41.5%, non-ICT companies 38.5%, government institutes 12.1% and BPO companies 7.9%.
The survey reported a rise in the total number of graduates supplied from training organisations from 5610 in 2010 to 6611 in 2013. This implies a 5.6% CAGR. The survey further shows that in all sub sectors, Bachelor’s degree has become the standard entry level qualification for recruitment in many job categories.
Skills offered by training courses are highly important as they determine the quality of the workforce. According to analysis of skills in demand, system analysis and programming are the top priority skills demanded by employers, reported Daily FT.