2008 Tlaf;dn

mqj;a .nvdj

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t,aBhg lsisod iudj fkdfok nj ;,akdvq fldx.%ih wjOdrKh lrhs
r .dka >d;kh ms<sn| ish mlaIh lsisfgl t,aBhg iudj fkdfok w;r bkahdf tlai;a Ndjhg ydks lrjk whqka ls%hd lrk ;,akdvqf t,aB wdOdr lrejka inkaOfhka j ls%hd lrk f,io bkah fldx.%ia mlaIfha ;,akdvq YdLdj bkah uOHu rcfhka b,a,d is' wo ^31& ghsia T*a bkahd mqj;a fiajh f nj jd;d lf<ah'  jemqr

t,aB w tacka;fhl=g weuldj isr o~qj kshu lrhs
t,aB ixOdkhg w wdhqO iemhSu yd wruqo,a /ialsug fjk;a wh iu l=uka;%K lsu yd kS;s frda f,i .sks w wmkhkh lsug W;aidy u hk fpdaokd ,en weuldkq w;awvx.=f is isx.mamQre mqrjeishl= jk ykS*d ka Tiaudkag ^57& wefuld tlai;a ckmofha wlrKhla uska udi 37 l isr o~qjula iy f;jirl mjdi ld,hla Bfha ^30& kshu lr ;sf'   jemqr

wmf.a lvqj wmu yod .; hq;= nj ckm;s mjihs
wfma rf wdrlaIdj fjkqfjka fjk;a rgj,a u; hemSug fkdyels nj ckdm;s;=ud mjihs' fjk;a rgj, mfhaIK u; fyda Tjqkaf.a fldkafoais u; ;jrg;a hemsh fkdyels nj;a wfma wdrlaIdj fjkqfjka wmu ;ksj ls%hd;aul h hq;= nj;a flfhka lshkjd k wmf.a lvqj wmu yod uqjy;a lr .; hq;= nj;a t;=ud wjOdrKh lrhs'   jemqr

cdkl fmfrd >d;kh iaf%,shdkq fik uKav,h fy,d ols
iaf%,shdkq md,sfka;=f W;a;r uka;s% uKav,h trg ysgmq YS% ,xld uyflduidia fc ckrd,a cdkl fmfrd uy;df.a >d;kh ;rfha fy,d olska fhdackdjla iu; lr .kS'  jemqr

t,aB urdf.k uefrk ;%ia;jd mqyqKq uOHia:dkhlg
.=jka m%ydr
uq,;s" j,a,smqr ys msys t,aB ixOdkfha urdf.k uefrk ldka;d ;%ia;jd n,ld mqyqKq l|jqrla wo ^30& WoEik .=jka yuqodj iska kdY lrk ,'   jemqr

ckm;sf.ka p;=O foaYmd,k iula
;ud woyia lrk foaYmd,k iu wyrKh" m%cd;ka;%lrKh" ixjOkh yd n,h fnod yeu hk wx. i;rlska iuka; jkq we;ehs o yska mqj;amf;a l;D tka'rd iu meje;ajQ iuqL idlPdjl ckm;s uyska rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud mejiSh'  jemqr

udkqISh wnqohg iyk i,ikak" t,aB hg wem fokak tmd
- yska mqj;a m; lshhs
;,akdvqj W;aidy l< hq;af;a Y%S ,xldf udkqISh wnqohg iyk ie,iSug i t,aB hg wem u fkdjk nj bkahdf Yd, wf,hla we;s cd;sl mqj;am;la jk o yska mqj;am; wo ^29& l;D jdlHfhka lshd is'  jemqr

Y%S ,xld bkahd taldnoaO m%jD;a;s ksfokh
bkahdj yd Y%S ,xldj w;r mj;akd im oamdYh in|;d ms<sn| wjfndaOfhka hq;=j Y%S ,xld ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud Y%S ,xld ckdm;sf.a fcHIaG WmfoaYl yd md,sfka;= uka;%S neis,a rdcmlaI uy;d ish fYaI ksfhda;fhl= f,i 2008 Tlaf;dan 26 k kj,a,shg msg;a lr yefha h'  jemqr

jr lghq;= ms<sn| bka ,xld taldnoaO m%ldYh
wod< udkqISh iy jk jD;a;s mudK i,ld jrhka ms<sn| m%Yakh inkaOfhka cd;Hka;r id.r udhs fLdj yryd hk ienE bkah yd Y%S ,dxlsl jrhka ms<sn| lghq;= lsug m%dfhda.sl Odk fhug fomdYjhu tl jQy'   jemqr

fou< ck;djf.a .egj yd ;%ia;jdohg tfrys YS% ,xldf jevms,sfj, - YS% ,xldf ia:djrh bkahdjg meye,s lrhs
;%ia;jdoh uOkh lsug Y%S ,xldj yd bkahdj ish lemu kej; wjOdrKh lrka" YS% ,xldf ckdm;sjrhdf.a fYaI ksfhda;fhl= f,i W;=re kef.kysr j;auka fufyhq yd mj;akd wnqOhg iar idr iula iemhSf YS% ,xld rcfha jev ms<sfj,o meye,s lsu ioyd bkahdf ixpdrh ksr;jq ckdm;s fIaG WmfoaYl md,sfka;= uka;s% neis,a rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud yd bkah ksfhda; msi w;r idlPdfjka wk;=rej ksl=;a flreKq taldnoaO ksfokh'  jemqr

ol=fKa isiqkag jD;a;sh myqKqjg weuldkq w; ys;
cd;Hka;r ixjOkh i|yd jq weuldkq tackaish fyj;a (USAID) u.ska ;x.,a, m%foaYfha b l< jD;a;sh mqyqKq uOHia:dkh miq.sh od ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=udf.a iyNd.S;ajfhka ish mqyqKq jevigyka wdrN lf<ah'  jemqr
 
ckdm;s;=udf.a mdj,S k mKsjqvh
fuu mjd,S kfhys ish YS% ,dxlsl yska ck;djg ud iqn m;kafka buy;a i;=ks yska wd.f jeo.;a khla iy fi!Nd.Hfha W;aijhla jQ mjd,S m%{df wdf,dalh m;=rjhs fuu W;aijh ixfla;j;a lrkafka kmqr mrod hym;;a woHdj mrod {dkh;a ch.%yKh lruh  jemqr
 
w;HdjYH jH /.;a f,d 75la wo jkakshg
jkaksfha wj;ekajqjka f.a m%fhdackh ioyd w;HdjYH wdydr jH /.;a f,d 75la wo jkaksh n,d msg;alr yeug ksh;h'  jemqr
 
fou< ck;djf.a iqNidOkhg t,aBfhka ndOd
W;=f wj;ekajqjkag w;HdjYH wdydr f.k .sh fjf<| ke j,g m%ydr t,a, lsfuka fou< ck;djf.a iqNidOkh flfrys t,aBfha mj;sk wkjOdkfha ;ru meye,s jkafka hehs rch fmkajdfohs'  jemqr

t,aBhg wdOdr fkdlrkakehs fkia id %;dkH ck;djf.ka b,a,hs
%;dkHh ;=< ;yk ixOdkhla f,i klr we;s t,aB ixOdkhg lsis whqrlska fyda wdOdr fkdlrkakehs %;dkH md,sfka;= uka;s% fkia idjrhd %;dkH ck;djf.ka b,a,hs' jemqr
 
is,a jeishkag wdydr f.k .sh fk!ldjlg t,aB m%ydrhla
hdmkfha is,a jeishkag w;HdjYH wdydr jH /f.k hka is reyqK yd ksu,j hk fk!ld folg wo^22& whu urdf.k uefrk t,aB m%ydrhla t,a, ;sf'  jemqr
 
jkaksfha ;;ajh ms<sn| bka YS% ,xld kdhlhska w;r rl:k ixjdohla
ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud yd bkah w.%dud;H wdpdh ukafudayka isx uy;d w;r miq.sh fikiqrdod ^18& rl:k ixjdohla meje;aKs' YS% ,xldf j;auka ;;ajh yd W;=re m%foaYfha isjk udkqIsl fufyhq inkaOfhka ckdm;s;=ud bkah w.%dud;Hjrhd kqj;a lr ;sf' t,aBh ksrdhqO lr l,dmfha ia:djr;ajh fjkqfjka lghq;= lsf wjYH;djh ckdm;s;=ud fuys wjOdrKh lr we;'  jemqr

wm lsisgl;a t,aBhg iyh fkdfouq
- bkah fldx.%ia mlaIh lshhs
YS% ,xldf fufyhq fya;=fjka mSvdjg m;ajk idudkH fou< ckhd ms<sn|j i t,aBh fyda tys kdhl m%Ndlrka ms<sn|j ;u mlaIh ie,ls,su;a fkdjk nj bkah fldx.%ia mlaIh ksfokh lrhs'  jemqr

;%ia;jdoh uOkh lsug reishdkq iyh
;%ia;jdoh uOkh lsug YS% ,xld rch .kakdjq W;aidyh w.hk reishdkq iuqydKavqj ta ioyd ish mqK iyh ,nd ug bm;a fjhs' wdrlaIl f,al f.daGdNh rdcmlaI uy;d reishdf l< ks, ixpdrfha f nj wkdjrKh h' reishdkq wdrlaIl wud;Hjrhdf.a fYaI wdrdOkhlg wkqj wdrlaIl f,aljrhd we;= by, fmf,a ksfhda; msila f k j, reishdf ixpdrhl ksr;f'  jemqr
 
t,aB ys;jdkag ;oska isg m%ldYkfha whs;sh ;yjqre lrkq
- yska l;=jrhd ;,akdvq rcfhka b,a,hs
;,akdvqj ;=< woyia m%ldY lsf ksoyi ;yjqre lrk f,i yska mqj;a mf;a ixialdrl l;D tka' rd uy;d ;,akdvq m%dka; rcfhka b,a,hs' miq.sh k j, wjia:d ;=kl yska mqj;am;a ldhd, yd fnodyef uOHia:dk lsysmhlg t,aB ys;jdka iska myr u ms<sn|j wjOdkh fhduq lrjka yska l;=jrhd Bfha ^16& fuu b,a,Su lr we;' fuu myr j,g inkaO t,aB ys;jdka inkaOfhka j ls%hd lrk f,io yska l;=jrhd tu ,smsfhka ;,akdvq rcfhka b,a,dis'  jemqr

fmd rdcH uKav,Sh fhdjqka l%Svd Wf<,#
ckm;s fIydka g iqnm;hs
fmd rdcH uKav,fha f.j;au l%Svlhd jk rka molal ,dNS fIydka wfmsh fj; ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud wo^17& iqnme;Sh'  jemqr
 
t,aBh uq,skqmqgd ug bkahdj uey;a h hq;=hs
- iqn%udksh iajd
t,aBh kdY lsug bkahdjg uey;a hhq;af;a ukahs iqn%udkshs iajd fmkajhs' t,aB ;%ia; ixOdkh kdYlr oud YS% ,xldf m%cd;ka;%jdoh Yla;su;a lsug M,odhS f,i uey;au ioyd iqiq ld,h t<eU we;ehs bkah ysgmq wud;Hjrhl=jk wdpdh iqn%udksh idjrhd mjihs'  jemqr

kj ;dkdm;sjre m;afj;s
YS% ,xldj fj; m;a wd kj rdcH ;dka;s%l ksfhda;fhda mia fofkla wo fmrjref ckdm;s ldhd,fha ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud yuqf ish wla;m;% Ndr kay'  jemqr

;,akdvq n,mE yuqf bkah m%;sm;a;s fjkia fkdh hq;=hs
- yska mqj;am; mjihs
bkahdj 1991 jif isg YS% ,xldf wNHka;r lghq;= inkaOfhka mj;ajdf.k .sh m%;sm;a;shg t,aB ys;jdka iska islrkq ,nk foaYmd,k uey;a yuqf n,mEula we;s fkdjk wdldrhg bkah uOHu rch ls%hd l< hq;= nj bkahdf yska mqj;am; fYaIdx. ,smshla ,shka mjihs'  jemqr
 
t,aB h ;%ia; ixOdkhla f,i k lsug iaf%,shdf wjOdkh
t,aBh ;%ia; ixOdkhla f,i k lsu flfrys iaf%,shdf wjOdkh fhduq f' foaY wud;H frdays; fndf.d,a,d.u uy;d iaf%,shdkq rcfhka l< b,a,Sulg wkqj f nj i,ld n,ka isk nj trg udOh jd;d lrhs'  jemqr

t,aBhg we;s tlu l,amh igk w;yer hg;auhs
-ckm;s w,aciSrd remjdyskshg lshhs
t,aBhg b;s we;s tlu l,amh igk w;yer hg;a u nj;a igk w;yer fou< ck;djf.a wh;sjdisl wdrlaIdlrug m%cd;ka;%jd udj;lg msish hq;= nj;a ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud w,a ciSrd remjdySksh iu. mje;s fYaI iuqL idlPdjl mejiSh' miq.sh Tlaf;dan 09 jeks k w,a ciSrd rEmjdysksfhys fgdaks n,s iu. wr,sh.y ukarfha fuu idlPdj meje;aKs'  jemqr

t,aBhg lsisod iyh fkdfok nj ch,,s;d lshhs
bkah v uqfka;% lid. mlaIh lsis fkl t,aBhg fyda YS% ,xldf ;%ia;jdohg wdOdr fkdlrk nj tys uyf,al ch,,s;d chrd uy;ah mjihs' tfia jqjo YS% ,xldf fou< ckhdf.a iajhx ksK whs;sh fjkqfjka Tjqka iyh m< lrk njo weh lshd is'  jemqr
 
t,aB h w u ;eh hq;= nj ckm;s ijmdlaIsl iuqjg mjihs
t,aBhg wu ;nd foaYmd,k iula ioyd mefkk f,i ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud kej;;a wjOdrKh lrhs' wo ^11& ckdm;s ldhd,fha mej;s ijmdlaIsl ksfhda; iquqj wu;d ckdm;s;=ud f nj mejiSh'  jemqr
 
BY%dh,h iu. iduh m;kjd fiau Y%S ,xldjgo iduh Wodfjdhs m;uq
m,ia;Sk ckm;s uyuqoa wndia lshhs
m,ia;Sk ck;dj BY%dh,fha ;u wi,ajdiSka iu idufhk j;a h yels he hs Yajdi l<d fiau Y%S ,xldf ck;dj;a idufhka tluq;= tlg j;a jk kh Wodjk;=re n,dfmdfrd;a;=fjka isk nj m,ia;Sk cd;sl wldfha iNdm;s uyuqoa wndia Bfha^09& fld<U Y%S ,xld ckdm;s uyskao rdmlaI ue;s;=ud iu idlaPd meje;afuka wk;=rej fYaI m%ldYh;a lrka mejiSh'  jemqr
 
m,ia;Sk ckm;s yrirska ms<s.kS
forg w;r iyfhda.S;djh Yla;su;a lsf wruqKska m,ia;Sk ckdm;s uyuqoa wndia uy;d wo ^09& miajre 2'30 g jhskg meKSfhah' fok ks, ixpdrhla i|yd furgg meKs m,ia;Sk ckdm;sjrhd we;= msi w;s.re ckdm;s uyskao rdcmCI uy;d iska lgqkdhl nKavdrkdhl cd;Hka;r .=jka f;dgqmf,a uy;a yrirska ms<s.kakd ,'  jemqr

m,ia;Sk ckm;s wo jhskg mefKa
m,ia;Sk ckdm;s uyuqoa wndia ue;s;=ud fok ks, ixpdrhla ioyd wo^09& jhskg meKSug ksh;h' wndia uy;d miq.sh 2005 jif m,ia;Sk iajhx md,k wldfha iNdm;s mohg m;ah'  jemqr

t,aB urdf.k uefrk m%ydrfhka mqoa.,hska 7 lg ;=jd,
m%N= r: fm,la b,lal lr.Kska wo miajre 1'00g muK fndr,eia.uqj m%foaYfha t,a, flreKq t,aB urdf.k uefrk fndan m%ydrfhka wud;H ismd, .,;a uy;d we;= mqoa.,hska 7 fofkl= ;=jd, ,nd we;ehs fmd,Sish mjihs'  jemqr
 
jkakshg wdydr iemhSu wLKavj
jkaksfha udi follg fyda ;=klg m%udKj;a jk m fgdka 5000 l w;HjYH wdydr f;d. .nvd lr ;nd .ekSu ioyd ieu i;shlu wdydr f;d. /.;a ksfhda; lKavdhula jkaksh fj; heug rch ;SrKh lrhs'  jemqr

wkqrdOmqr fndan m%ydrh t'cd uyf,al fy<d olS
fc ckrd,a cdkl fmfrd we;= mqoa.,hska 27 fofkl= urKhg m;a lrka wkqrdOmqrfha t,a,jq fndan m%ydrh j fy<d olsk nj tlai;a cd;Skaf.a uyf,al nekalS uqka uy;d mjihs'  jemqr
 
fou< yd uqia,s l,dlrejkaf.ka ckm;sg Wmydr
jir 63 l tlai;a cd;skaf.a b;sydihg fkdueflk u;l igykla tla lrka wka; cd;sl iuqjla m%:u jrg o, NdIdfjka wu;d iuia; fou< NdIdj l:d lrk ck;djg ,ndka wis; f.!rjh inkaOfhka fou< yd uqia,s l,d ixOdkh w;s.re ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=udg Wmydr mqo lrhs'  jemqr

lreKd jqre fohs
fou< ck;d uqla;s fld ixOdkfha kdhl khd.uq;s uqr,sorka ^lreKd wudka& cd;sl ,ehsia;=f uka;%Sjrhl= f,i wo^07& fmrjref md,sfka;=f l:dkdhljrhd bfha jqre kafkah'  jemqr
 
cdkl fmfrd >d;kh ckm;s fy<d olS
W;=reueo m<d;a mlaIkdhl fc fckrd,a cdkl fmfrd uy;d we;= mqoa.,hska 28 fofkl= >d;kh lsf kSp h.= ls%hdj j fy,d olsk nj ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud mjihs'  jemqr

wkqrdOmqr k.rfha fndan msmsula
20 la ureg 40 la ;=jd,hs
wo^06& fmrjref wkqrdOmqr tlai;a cd;sl mlaI ldhd,h wi, isjq t,aB urdf.k uefrk fndan m%ydrhlska W;=reueo m<d;a iNdf mlaI kdhl fc ckrd,a cdkl fmfrd uy;d we;= 20 fofkl= ;laIhg m;ah'  jemqr

bkah fjr< ;Srfha wdrlaIdj ;r flf
;%ia;jdka bkaoshdjg we;=u je,elau ioyd bkaoSh fjr< ;Srfha fidaosis fufyhq lsrSug bkaoshdj lghq;= lr we;ehs yskaia:dka ghsia jd;d lrhs' bkah fjr< ;Srfhka m%dka; kjhlg wh;a lsf,dag 7516 l fjr< l<dmhl fuf,i wdrlaIdj lr ;sf'  jemqr
 
weuldkq uq,H wnqoh
YS% ,xldjg wys;lr fkdjkq we;s nj uq,H fYaI{fhda mji;s
f,djmqrd nexl= yd fjk;a uq,H wdh;k fndfyduhla flfrys n,mEula we;s lr ;sfnk weuldkq uq,H wnqoh YS% ,xldf uq,H fjf<| fmd, flfrys t;r wys;rlr n,me we;s fkdlrkq we;e hs wdl fYaI{hska m%ldY lrk nj IANS  mqj;a fiajh wo^03& jd;d lf<ah'  jemqr

W;=f orejkag hym;a fygla Wodjkq we; - ckm;s
ysyer lrorj,ska f;dr hym;a fyg ojila .; lsug W;=f orejkag o kqfu wjia:dj Wod lr fok nj ckdm;s;=ud mjihs' jemqr

wydr /.;a f,d jkakshg <df
jkaksfha /|S isk ck;djg wjYH wdydr fu%la fgdka 650la /.;a jdyk Bfha ^02& fmrjre 10'00g ukaf;a uqrfmd, miqlrka jkaksh n,d .uka .;a nj fld<U tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ldhd,h ksfokh lrhs'  jemqr
 
W;=f ck;d iqn isoahg rch lemfjhs - wdrlaIl udOH m%ldYl
W;=f uqod fkd.;a m%foaYj, j;ajk idudkH fou< ckhd o YS% ,dxlslhska nj;a cd;Hka;rhg fyda fjk;a nyqmdYh ixOdkhkag jvd Tjqka ms<sn| yeSula" fokdjla YS% ,xld rchg yd ck;djg mj;sk nj;a tu ckhdf.a iqnisoah fjkqfjka ls%hd;aul l< yels ish foa rch wLKavj is lrk nj;a wud;H flfy,sh rUqlaje,a, uy;d mejiSh' kef.kysr uqod.;a .i m%foaYfha m%cd;ka;%jdoh ia:dms; lrka ls%hd l< wdldrh o wud;Hjrhd meye,s lf<ah' jemqr

.=jka m%ydrj,ska mqrjeis ydks kE
.=jka yuqod m%ydrj,ska is,a jeishkag ydks is we;s njg m< jk udOH jd;d m%;slafIam lrk nj;a .=jka yuqodj m%ydr t,a, lrkqfha N=fhys ls%hd;aul jk Ngmsia yd nqoa f;dr;=re Wmfhda.s lrf.k nj;a .=jka yuqodj mjihs' jemqr

 
   
   
   

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