2009 ckjd

mqj;a .nvdj

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b meh 48 ;=< is,a jeishka ksoyia lrkq - ckm;s t,aBhg lshhs
t,aB md,k m%foaYfha isr isk is,a jeishkaf.a wdrlaIdj iy;sl lsu ioyd b meh 48 ;=< Tjqkag ksoyfia leu;s ia:dkhlg hEug bv i,ik f,i ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud t,aBhg kq fohs'  jemqr
 
r;=l=reifha ksfokh i;Hfhka f;drhs
YS% ,xldf j;auka ;;ajh ms<sn|j kSjdys cd;Hka;r r;=l=rei lgq ldhd,h ksl=;a l< ksfokh i;Hfhka f;dr nj;a th rf h:d;h fkdjk nj;a udkj ysl yd wdmod iykfiajd wud;HdxYh ksfokh lrhs'  jemqr

uq,;s isoaka i;H;djfhka f;dr nj fy<sf
uq,;s m%foaYfha mqoa.,hska 300la muK hf.dia ;j;a 1000lg muK nrm;, ;=jd, is we;s njg;a jkaksfha udkqIsh wnqOhla mj;sk nj yd tys ffj wdOdr yshla mj;sk njg tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixOdkh yd fjk;a cd;Hka;r ixOdkj,g uey;ajk f,i b,a,d f,djmqrd ckudOH yd ;dkdm;s m%cdj fj; m;=rejd yk ,o B -fus,a mKsjqvh fndrejla nj;a" th ksudKh lrk ,o m%j;la nj;a jd;df'  jemqr
 
hqo ch.%yK iar foaYmd,k i|qulg bv - ckm;s mjihs
t,aBh mrdch lrka wdrlaIl yuqod W;=f w;alr.kakd ch.%yK m,df;a ck ;h h:d ;;ajhg m;alsug wjYH foaYmd,k mirh ilikq we;s nj ckdm;s;=ud bkah foaY wud;H m%kd uql uy;dg meye,s lrhs'  jemqr
 
t,aBfha wjika igk - yska mqj;am;a l;=jelsh
;%ia;jdkaf.a wjika n,fldgqj jk uq,;s wdrlaIl yuqod iska w;am;a lr .ekSu;a iu ;%ia;jdkag ,nd fok mKsjqvh jkafka Tjqkaf.a B<d isyskh wjikaug b;du;a , nj o yska mqj;amf;a l;=jelsh i|yka lrhs'  jemqr
 
is,a jeishka w;f isg yuqodjg ld,;=jlal= m%ydr t,a, fkdlrkq
- hdmkfha ro.=re
is,a jeishka isk wdrlaIs; m%foaYh Wmfhda.S lr.Kska wdrlaIl yuqod fj; ld,;=jlal= yd frdl m%ydr t,a, lsfuka j,lskakehs o tfia fkdl< fyd;a is,a jeishka Yd, jYfhka urKhg m;au fkdje,elah yels nj o hdmkfha ro .=re wdpdh f;dia fi!kakdh. ysmdfKda t,aB ixOdkfhka b,a,hs'   jemqr

hqo yuqodj uq,;sjq uqod .kS
uq,;sjq k.rh imQKfhkau ;%ia; .%yKfhka uqod .ekSug wdrlaIl wxY wo  ^25& iu;a h' fuu uq,;sjq ch.%yKh l< nj .dNSrj iy ksy;udkSj rch fjkqfjkq;a yuqodj fjkqfjkq;a rg jeishka fj; m%ldY lrk nj yuqodm;s ir;a f*dkafiald uy;d g iq f,djlg fmr fYaI m%ldYhla lrka uq,s;s ch.%yKh ks, jYfhka ksfokh lf<ah'  jemqr

uqyq fld ;,aKdvqjg t;ehs bkah wdrlaIl wxY iSrefjka
miq.sh od iel lghq;= hd;%d lsysmhla rdfiajr fjr<g f.dv.id ;sfuka t,aB uqyqfld ;,aKdvqjg ixl%uKh we;s njg ;,aKdvq fmd,sish iel lrk nj bkah udOh wkdjrKh lrhs'  jemqr
 
;%ia;jdoh mrdch lsug yelsu Yd, ch.%yKhla
- hiqIs wldIs
Y%S ,xldf ish m%foaY ;%ia;jdofhka uqod .ekSug yelsu Y%S ,xldj ,enQ Yd, ch.%yKhla nj cmdk fYaI ksfhda; hiqIs wldIs uy;d mjihs'  jemqr

ckm;sf.ka Tndudg iqnme;=
YS% ,xldf iaffj;ajh wjd; njg tlai;a ckmo rdcHh iska .kakd ,o m%;sm;a;suh ia:djrh YS% ,xld rch;a YS% ,dxlsl ck;dj;a j w.h lrk nj ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud mjihs'   jemqr

<uhska jyd ksoyia lrkq - tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixOdkh
YS% ,xldf wNHka;r wj;ekajq orejkaf.a ;;ajh ms<snoj tlai;a cd;skaf.a <ud wh;sjdisl ms<sn| fYaI uy flduidia wdpdh rdld l=udriajd uy;ah ish wjOdkh fhduq lrhs' j;auka .egq fya;=fjka oyia .Kkla <uqka jkaksfha wj;eka isk nj o weh mjihs'  jemqr

is,a jeishkag yd ;u ldh udKav,hg jkaksfhka msgug
wjir fokq - t'cd' ixOdkh
jkaksfha ish foaYsh ldhd,j, ksfhda;hskag yd Tjqkaf.a mjq,a j, idudlhskag rch m%ldYhg m;a lr we;s hqo uqla; l,dmhg meKSug bv fkdfuka t,aBh cd;Hka;r udkqIjd hqo kS;s W,a,x>kh lr we;e hs tlai;a cd;Skaf.a ixOdkh mjihs'  jemqr
 
m%Nd t;ehs uef,aishdkq fmd,sish wjOdkfhka
t,aB kdhlhd ish wjika n, m%foaYh jYfhka ie,flk uq,;sjq m%foaYh wysu;a iu. uef,aishdjg mek taug ;e;a lrkq we;ehs uef,aishdkq rch wjOdkfhka is'  jemqr

uq,;sjq is,a jeishkag wdrlaIl l<dmhla
oekg jkaksfha t,aB .%yKfha isk is,a jeishkg wdrlaIdj iys;j tla /iau i|yd rch Bfha ^22& hqo uqla; l,dmhla m%ldYhg m;a flf<ah'  jemqr
 
uvl,mqf msmsulska 2 la ureg mdi,a isiqka we;= 11 lg ;=jd,
uvl,mq k.rfha mdmehl wgjd ;snQ fndanhla wo ^21& fmrjref mqmqrdhdfuka mqoa.,hska fofokl= hf.dia mdi,a isiqka we;=j ;j;a tfldf<dia fokl= ;=jd, ,nd we;ehs cd;sl wdrlaIdj ms<sn| udOH uOHia:dkh i|yka lrhs'  jemqr
 
jkaksfha wj;ekajQkag lk iyk
rch W;=f wj;ekajqjkaf.a iqnidOkh i|yd iqnidOk l|jqre ixlSKhla boslrhs' fuu l|jqre ixlSKh wlalr 750 l jmihla mqrd bflf' f hgf;a ueksla *d 1 yd 2 m%foaYfha wlalr 150l yd wlalr 450 Yd, l|jqre folla b flfrk w;r uka; m%foaYfha wlalr 150l l|jqre ixlSKhla blrhs'  jemqr

hdmkh yd fld<U w;r iqfLdamfNda.S nia fiajdjla
hdmkh yd fld<U w;r iqfLdamfNda.S nia fiajdjla wdrN lsu flfrys rcfha wjOdkh fhduqf'  jemqr
 
wms ,nd we;s m%dcd;ka;%Sh hqKqj ms<sn|j f,djg
ksjer f;dr;=re fokak - ckm;s lshhs
wm W;=f ia:dms; lrka ;sfnk ksoyi yd m%cd;ka;%jdoh ms<sn| f,dalh kqj;a lsug fukau jkaksfha n,y;aldrfhka r|jdf.k isk fou< jeishkaf.a ;;ajh ms<sn|j ksjerj f,dalhd yuqf f;dr;=re bm;a lsug ld,h t<eU we;s nj YS% ,xldj fjkqfjka foaYhkays isk .re ;dkdm;sjre msila fjkqfjka foaY wud;HdxYh ixOdkh lr ;snq jevuqjla wu;ka ckdm;s;=ud mejiSh'  jemqr
 
YS% ,xldj ;=kajk f,dalhg wdoYhla - hqksfi*a
ud;D yd <ud wdrlaIKh ms<sn| YS% ,xldj by, oYlhla fmkajd we;s nj;a ue wdodh ,nk rgla jYfhka YS% ,xldj fmkajd we;s m%.;sh f,dalfha fiiq ixjOkh fjka mj;sk rgj,g wdoYhla nj;a tlai;a cd;skaf.a <ud wruqo, ish jdIssl jd;dfjka mjihs'  jemqr

kef.kysr h;, myiql ixjOkhg weuldkq iydh
cd;Hka;r ixjOkh ioyd jq weuldkq tackaish fyj;a (USAID) wqdh;kh kef.kysr m,df;a mdi,a yd frday,a w;ajehd lsf jHdmD;shla Bfha ^15&wdrN lf<ah' f hgf;a ;s%l=Kdu, ia;s%lalfha mdi,a myla iy uvl,mqj ia;s%lalfha mdi,a folla yd tla frday,la w;ajehd flf'  jemqr

cd;s fo fkdue;s rgla ksudKh lruq - ckm;s uykqjr lshhs
tl ujlf.a orejka fuka j;a h yels" cd;s fo fkdue;s rgla ksudKh lr ish ck;djf.a wdrCIdj ;yjqre lsug ;ud iy ;u rch ksrka;rfhka lem jk nj uyskao rdcmCI ue;s;=ud i|yka lf<ah'  jemqr
 
j.lSfuka hq;=j l%shd lrkak - ckm;s udOHhg mjihs
isri udOH wdh;khg t,a,jq m%ydrh" udOHf ,ika; l%u;=x. ue;s;=udf.a >d;kh fukau wdrlaIl yuqod ;%ia;jdoh uOkh lrka ,nk ch.%yKhka ms<sn|j o jd;d lsf j.lSfuka lghq;= lrk fuka ckdm;s;=ud udOH m%Odkskaf.ka b,a,hs'  jemqr

hdmkh wOoamhu rcfha md,khg
hdmkh wOoamfha t,aBh i;=j ;snQ tlu l|jqr mj;ajdf.k .sh pqkal=, m%foaYh hqo yuqodf 55 jk fiakdxlh iska Bfha ^15& iji w;am;a lr .kakd ,o nj cd;sl wdrlaIdj ms<sn| udOH uOHia:dkh mjihs'  jemqr
 
kEu fudfyd;l jkaks jeishka ms<s.ekSug rch iqodk
rcfha md,k m%foaYh fj; meKsug wfmalaIdfjka isk jkaksfha is,a ckhdf.a wjYH;d bgqlr Tjqka wdrlaId lsf ldh rch ndr .kakd nj;a kgu;a Bg wjYH uq,sl Odk ilialr we;s nj;a wdmod iyk fiajd wud;HdxYh ksfokh lrhs'  jemqr

mqK ksoyila iys; ff;hsfmdax.,a khlg iqnme;= - ckm;s
fuu ff;hs fmdx.,a oskfha ys ish is;=,s fYaIfhka fhduq jkafka yska ne;su;=kaf.a uqla;sh Wfoid igka lrk nj mjik wh iska isrlr ;ndf.k isk fndfyda yska ne;su;=ka fj; nj;a W;=f ckhdg mQK ksoyi iy m%cd;ka;%jdoh h<s msysgqug wm fjfyfik fudfyd;l Wodjk fuu fYaI kfha tluq;=lu iy wjfndaOh ms<sn| Yd, n,dfmdfrd;a;= ;nka wfmalAId iy.;j wkd.;h foi n,dfmdfrd;a;= ;nd.kakd f,i;a ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud ff;hsfmdax.,a W;aijh ks;af;ka iqnme;= mKsjqvhla ksl=;a lrka lshd is'  jemqr

foaY wud;Hjrhd lgd w.ue;s yuqf
lgd rdcHfha ks, ixpdrhl ksr; foaY wud;H frdays; fndaf.d,a,d.u uy;d Bfha ^12& lgd w.%dud;H fIhsla wyu uy;d yuqh'  jemqr
 
jkaksfha is,a jeishka wdrlaId lsug mshjr .kak
- wdkkao ix. fou< ikaOdkhg mjihs
fou< cd;sl ikaOdkfha md,sfka;= uka;s%jrekg ;u j.lSu ksism bgq l< fkdyels k f.!rjkSh f,i uka;s%Oqrj,ska b,a,d wiajk f,i;a ;jrg;a ;uka ksfhdackh lrk nj lshk fou< ck;dj fkd/jh hq;= nj;a fou< tlai;a uqla;s fmruqfKa kdhl wdkkao ix. uy;d mjihs'  jemqr
 
ckdm;s;=ud wo^09& cd;sh wu;d l, fYaI l:dj
wo ijiajk g wmf.a frdaOdr yuqodfjda w,suxlv m%foaYh uquKskau t,aB .%yKfhka uqod .;a nj;a t,aBfha n,mej,ska f;drj fmare;=vqf isg fojqkaor;=vqj olajd ksoyfia hd yelsug ta 9 ud.h uquKskau uqodf.k ;sfnk nj;a ckdm;s;=ud mjihs'  jemqr

is,a jeishka wdrlaId lrka ls<sfkdh ch .ekSu YsIaghs
- fkia id
t,aB ;%ia;jdkaf.ka ls<sfkdsh uqod .ekSf fufyhq idudkH jeishkag isjk ydks wju lrka WmdhYs,Sj b;d id:lj is lr we;s nj %;dkH md,sfka;= uka;s% fkia idjrhd mjihs'  jemqr

isri m%ydrh#
fldaf mlaI kdhl ielmsg w;awvx.=jg
isri udOH wdh;khg t,a, jQ uer m%ydrh inkaOfhka fldaf k.r iNdf mlaI kdhl tlai;a cd;sl mlaI kd.l uka;%S iqrd chiQh uy;d w;awvx.=jg f.k we;s nj uyr.u fmd,sish mjihs'  jemqr

laf,afuda m%ydrfhka 7 la ureg
wo^09& fmrjref fudrjej m%foaYfha t,a,jq laf,afuda fndan m%ydrhlska .=jka yuqod idudlhska ;sfofkl= yd is,a jeishka isjq fofkl= we;= mqoa.,hska y;a fofkl= ureuqjg m;aj we;'  jemqr
 
t,aB h ;yk flf
t,aB ixOdkh ;yk lsug rch ;SrKh lrhs' ckdm;s;=udf.a m%Odk;ajfhka Bfha ^07& iji meje;s lek uKav, /iaf rch fuu ;SrKhg t<eks'  jemqr

ikaf,Sv mqj;amf;a l;D ,ika; l%u;=x. ue;s;=udf.a >d;kh ms<sn|j ckdm;s;=ukaf.a m%ldYh
wo k is lrk ,o ikaf,Sv mqj;amf;a l;D ,ika; l%u;=x. ue;s;=udf.a >d;kh uu iy uf.a rch b;d j fy,d ols'  jemqr

iyk meflach fya;=fjka f,dal wdl wjmd;fha n,mEu wvqjqkd
l=vd yd uOH mudk ludka;lrefjda mji;s
rch fujr whjeh ;=<ska ,ndka iyk meflach fya;=fjka YS% ,xldjg f,dal wdl wnqofhka we;sjk n,mEu wju we;s nj l=vd yd uOH mudk ludka; lrefjda mjihs'  jemqr
 
ls,sfkd ojeu igfka wjidkh f.j;a lrhs
- tlai;a ckmoh lshhs
t,aB h iu idlPd wkjYHhs
jir 25 lg wl fnjd hqoaOfhys ls,sfkd ojeu jeo.;a ixia:dkhla jk nj;a fuu isu wr.,fhys wjidkh b;d blaukska <dlr ula h yels nj;a udOH ksfokhla ksl=;a lrka Y%S ,xldf wefuld tlai;a ckmo ;dkdm;s ldhd,h Bfha ^06&mejiSh'  jemqr

mek hkakkag urK#
jkaks jeishkag fld ;ckh lrhs
t,aB md,k m%foaYfha isk is,a jeishka wdrlaIdj m;d rcfha md,k m%foaYh fj; heug W;aiy l<fyd;a Tjqka urd ouk njg t,aBh ;ckh lrhs' f nj ikd: lsu i|yd mekhEug W;aiy l< is,a jeishka ;sfofkl= >d;kh lr fmdkakn, frday, wi, t,a,d ;nd we;' mek hkakkaf.a brKu hkqfjka kaula o tu u< isrere iu. t,a,d we;e hs m%foaYfhka m,d wd is,a jeisfhda mji;s'  jemqr
 
m,dhk t,aB kdhlhska irkd.; fjiska lekvdjg
- keIk,a fmdaia wk;=re wjhs
ls,sfkdh wysu;a iu. wnqohlg ,la isk t,aB kdhlhska lekvdf fjfik YS% ,dxlsl fou< ckhd iu. uqiqug bvlv nj;sk nj;a th lekvdjg iDcqju ;ckhla fkdjqjo rf wdrlaIdj ms<sn| .eg we;s lsug bjy,ah yels nj;a f ksid Tgdjd n,Odka fuu ;;ajh ms<sn|j wjOdkfhka ish hq;= nj;a lefkahdkq keIk,a fmdaia mqj;am; ish l;=jelsfhka lshhs'  jemqr

isri m%ydrh rch fy,dolS
wo ^06& ysfha fomdku mkaksmsfha isri udOH cd,fha ue ixlSKh fj; t,a,jq m%ydrh rch j fy,d olS' jemqr
 
wmf.a by<u m%uqL;dj is,a jeishkaf.a wdrlaIdjhs
- ckm;s lshhs
t,aBfha mmd,k uq,ia:dkh yd isysk B,d rdcHfha w.kqjr f,i ie,l= ls,sfkdh w;am;alr .ekSf lsis is,a jeisfhl=g ydkshla is fkdug wdrlaIl yuqod lghq;= lsu ms<sn|j ;ud iEySug m;ajk nj;a b udkQISh fufyhqj, o tu m%;sm;a;sh u; msysgd lghq;= lsu ish rcfha ia:djrh nj;a ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud mjihs' jemqr

t,aB idudlhska Yd, jYfhka bkahdjg meKSf wjOdkula
t,aB uq,ia:dkh f,i ie,flk ls<sfkdh wysu;a iu. t,aB idudlhska Yd, jYfhka bkah N=hg ryfia ixl%uKh ug bv we;e hs flar, m%dka; fjr,drlaIl n,Odyq h m, lr;s' fldka uyq m%foaYfha jr ldlhska f,i Tjqka meKsh yels nj;a bkah jrhska f ms<sn|j wjOdkfhka ish hq;= nj;a bkah udOH jd;d lrhs' jemqr

t,aBh b;sydifha jeka;u wnqohg ,lafj,d
- yska l;=jrhd mjihs
ls,sfkd wysu;a iu. t,aB kdhlhdg h<s jHdc foaYmd,k ij, t,a,S .e,hd fkdyels m wnqold ;a;ajhlg m;aug isj we;s nj yska l;=jrhd lshhs' oYl ;=kl b;sydih ;=< t,aBh jeka;u wnqohg uqyK md we;s nj o wo ^05& bkahdf o yska mqj;amf;a l;=jelsh ,shka Tyq f nj mjihs' jemqr
 
frdaOdr yuqodfjda ls<sfkdh uqod.;a nj ckm;s cd;shg kqfoa
frdaOdr wdrlaIl yuqodfjda t,aB uq,ia:dkh f,i ie,flk ls<sfkd k.rh uquKskau w;am;a lr .;a nj ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud wo^02& miajref cd;sh wu;d fYaI m%ldYhla lrka mejiSh'  jemqr

ud,jhska ckm;s mefKa
ud,jhska ckdm;s fudfydu kIs uy;d fok ks, ixpdrhla i|yd wo^02& fmrjref YS% ,xldjg iem;a h' .=jkaf;dgqmf,a kIs uy;d ms<s.kq ,enqf YS% ,xld ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud isks' jemqr

yuqodj ls<sfkdhg we;=f
mrka;ka m%foaYh w;am;alr .eksfuka wk;=rej hqo yuqodf m<uqjk ldhidOl n,ld fin wo^02& fmrjref ls<sfkd k.rfha lrfmdlal= ykah miqlrka ls<sfkd k.r isudjg we;=jq nj wdrlaIl wud;HdxYh ksfokh lrhs'  jemqr
 
Wodjk kj jir rgg ;sridr iduhla w;ajk jirhs
- ckm;s
wIaGdkfhka hq;=j wm wd .uka u. Tiafia fuu jir ;=< rgg ;sridr iduhla Wodlrk njg wmg iqnjd wdl,amhla mj;sk nj o th rgjeishkaf.a uy;a wiajeis,a,g fya;=jkq we;s nj o ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI ue;s;=ud kj jirg iqn m;ka mjihs' jemqr

hqo yuqodj mrka;ka ys n,h w,a,hs
hqouh jYfhka b;d jeo.;a mrka;ka ukaikaosfha n,h ;yjqre lr .ekSug ldh idOl n,ld 1 fin wo^01& iu;ah' jemqr

bkah ;%ia; uOk mk;a wo isg ls%hd;aulhs
bkaosh md,sfka;=j iu; l< ;%ia;jdoh uev,Sug wod, cd;sl wdrlaIl wldhla we;s lsf yd kS;sfrda ls%hd uev,Sf mk;a fol wo^01& isg ls%hd;aul Ndjhg m;ajk nj taIshka %hqka fj wvh jd;d lrhs' fuu mk;a fol i|yd bkah ckdm;s m%;sNd mf,a uy;ah Bfha wkque;sh ,nd kakdh' jemqr

 
   
   
   

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