ffu;S%md, isrsfiak  

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2015 ckjd 8 jeksod meje;s ckdm;sjrKfha YsIag ch.%yKhla  ,efuka miq ckjd 09 jeksod ffu;S%md, isfiak uy;d YS% ,xld m%cd;dka;s%l iudcjd ckrcfha 6 jeks Odhl ckdm;sjrhd f,i jev Ndr .;af;ah'

Tyq fufia ckdm;s f,i f;a m;a jqfha Odhl ckm;s f,i fmr fkdjq rE wdldrfha ;=kajeks jdrhla n,dfmdfrd;a;= jq tjl ckdm;s uyskao rdcmlaI uy;d mrojkss' fmd mlaIfha wfmalaIlhd f,i ;r. jka ffu;S%md, isfiak uy;d uq Pkaoj,ska 51'28] la tk Pkao 6"217"162 la ,nd .;a w;r m%;sjd wfmalaIl uyskao rdcmlaI uy;d ,nd .;af;a Pkao 5"768"090 ^47'58]& la muKs'  ta wkqj m%ldYs; uq Pkao m%;sY;h 81'52] la fyj;a Pkao 12"264"377 ka je Pkao 449"72 la ,nd .kska ffu;S%md, isfiak uy;d ch.%yKh lf<ah'

ls%' j' 1070 ia:dmkh jq ,xldf fojeks ft;sydisl rdcOdksh jQ fmdf<dkakref bmso ye jevqKq ffu;S%md, isfiak .%dh lDIs ldl ck;dj w;ka f;a m;a jq m<uq ckdm;sjrhdhs' fmdf<dkakrej Yd, jYfhka j.d lrkakka iska ckdjdi lrk ,o .%dh m%foaYhls'  tfukau fndfyda jdud. c,dY" ft;sydisl fn!oaO isoaOia:dk yd YS% ,dxlSh b;sydifha fjk;a iaudrlhkaf.a ksjyk jQ  ft;sydisl fmdf<dkakre k.rh f,dal Wreuhla f,i o k fldg we;'

foaYmd,kh fj; fmr lsis mjq,a in|;djla fkdue;s m,af,j;af;a .urd<,df.a ffu;S%md, hdmd isfiak fYaIfhka .%dh ck;djf.a ksfhda;fhl=  f,i foaYmd,kfha > fm!oa.,sl b;sydihla we;af;ls'  Tyqf.a mshd fojeks f,dal hqoaOfha yuqod fiajhg miq fmdf<dkakref ft;sydisl mrdl%u iuqh wi< wlalr mylg je N=hla j.d l< uOHu mdka;sl f.d mjq,lg wh;a h' fn!oaO foudmshkaf.a mq;%fhl= jQ ffu;S%md, isfiak 1951 iema;en 03 jeksod Wm; ,nd fn!oaO ydria:dk iu im weiqrel mj;ajka fn!oaOfhl= f,i ye jevqfKa h'

;%YS,S yd ksy;udkS mqoa.,fhl= jk ffu;S%md, isfiak YS% ,xldf .%dh m%foaYhkays mj;akd idm%odhsl fn!oaO idrOu oyd olajkafkls' Tyq fiajhg YsIag lemula" ck;djg fiajhla" ir, ;hg je keUqrejla" f hq.hg YS% ,xldf .%dh im%odhfha wrgqj ilik mjq,a idrOuj,g neula oyd olajd we;' Tyqf.a foaYmd,k h ;reK fhau wdrN jqjls'  16 jeks fha isg Tyq iudc yd foaYmd,k .eg ms<sn| Wkkajla oela jQ Tyq l%ufhka ta ms<sn| .eUqre wjfndaOhla iu ye jevqfKah'  YS% ,xldf nyq;rh wh;a jk .%dh yd jev lrk ck;djf.a wdl yd iudchSh .eyegj,g iyk ie,iSug Tyq meye,s lemula fmkajd we;'  ;reK kdhl;ajh hgf;a frdaO;djkag iyNd.Su" md,sfka;= ksfhdackh olajd meKSu" foaYmd,k mlaI ixOdkfha kdhl;ajh" jeo.;a wud;H Oqr bis,Su yd f jk g rf by<u Oqrh jk YS% ,xldf ckdm;s Oqrh olajd Tyqj Tijd ;enqf tu lemu ;=<sks' Tyqf.a ckdm;sjrK jHdmdrh ;=< ,xldf Odhl ckdm;sOqrfha n,;, wvq lsf wjYH;djh fj;;a rf ish ckj. w;r tluq;=nj iu ls%hd;aul jk m%cd;ka;%jdohla ;=<  hy md,kh we;s lsu;a flfrys wjOdkh fhduq l< w;r tu ldhh ls%hdjg kexug Tyq oeka lem ishs'

fmdf<dkakrej ,laIWhk mdif,ka m%d:l wOHdmkh yodrd Tyq oa;shsl wOHdmkh i|yd fmdf<dkakrej f;damdjej uyd oHd,hg meKs w;r wk;=rej fmdf<dkakrej rdclSh uOH uyd  oHd,fhka wOHdmkh yeoE h' Ydia;S%h wOHdmkh yd Tyqf.a Wmka m%foaYfha Tyq jgd jq lDIsluh ms<sn| ;shqKq Wkkajla o iys;j fYaIfhka .dhkh" k;kh" ix.S;h yd ixialD;sl ls%hdldrlys o Tyq YsIag;ajh oelah'

1973 Tyq lDIslu mqyqKqj i|yd jQ mquqL uOHia:dkh jk l=Kavidf,a YS% ,xld lDIslu mdif,ka lDIsluh ms<sn| maf,daudjla ,nd .;af;ah' foaYmd,k oHdj ms<sn|j Tyq ;=< jq Wkkaj ksidfjka miqj 1980 reishdf uelais f.dals welvfhka foaYmd,k oHdj ms<sn| maf,daudjla Tyq ,nd .;af;ah'

m%.;sYS,S foaYmd,kh

wdrNfha fldhqksia mCIfha jdudxYsl foaYmd,khg keUqre ish o miqj Tyqf.a Wkkaj fhduq jQfha m%.;sYS,S ueo udjf;a foaYmd,kh flfrys h' 1967 ue udjf;a m%Odk foaYmd,k mCIh jQ Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIhg tlajQ Tyq tys fmdf<dkakrej ia;%slalfha f,al mohg m;a jQfha fmdf<dkakrej rdclSh uOH uyd oHd,fha w'fmd'i' ^idudkH fm<& Nd.h i|yd wOHdmkh ,nk ld,fhauh'

1971 ck;d uqla;s fmruqK ixOdkh l< ;reK le/,af,a lsis fpdaokdjla fkd;snqK o Tyqj isr Ndrhg .kakd ,oafoa tu wjfha foaYmd,kfha ksr; is ;reKhska ms<sn| mej;s ielh ksidh' c''fm lghq;=j,g Tyqf.a lsis inkaOhla fkd;snqK kuq;a udi 15 la w;awvx.=f isug is h' miqj lsisu fpdaokdjlska f;drj Tyqj ksoyia lrk ,'

1974 fmdf<dkakref iuQmdldr ix.ufha iemhq ks,Odfhl= jYfhka m%:u /lshdj l< Tyq 1976 .%du ks,Od mohg m;a h' fuu m;au wkqj m%foaYfha ck;djf.a mmd,k wjYH;djhka bgq lsf fiajdj ;=<ska Tyq .no ck;djg jvd;a im ug;a .no m%Yak inkaOfhka jQ foaYmd,k kqu ;sj% lr .ekSug;a yels h' 1977 uy ue;sjrKfha Tyq Y%S','ks'm' ue;sjrK jHdmdrhg ;kau inkaO jQfhah'  

.%dh ck;djf.a m%Yak .ek jegySfuka l%shd lrk w;r" Tyq Y%S','ks'm'h ;=< ish in|;d mq`M,a lr .ekSug lghq;= lf<ah' ta wkqj 1983 Tyq Y%S','ks'm'fha rg mqrd ysK ;reK ixOdkfha iNdm;s mohg m;a jQfhah' bka miq Tyq cd;sl foaYmd,khg msiqKs'

1977 fmdf<dkakrej fldGdifha Y%S','ks'm' uOHu lgqf f,al mohg m;a Tyq mCIh mrdchg m;ajQ tu ue;sjrKhg miq t'cd'm'h h;a l< mYapd;a ue;sjrK m%pKav;ajhg uqyqK kafkah' tu wys w;aoelSj, m%;sM,hla jYfhka 1978 .%du ks,Od mofhka b,a,d wiajQ Tyq mQK ld,Sk foaYmd,k{hl= njg m;ah' tu jif Tyq lshqndf yjdkd kqjr mej;s cd;Hka;r ;reK iuq`Mjg o iyNd.S jQfhah'

1977 n,hg m;a t'cd'm' rch kj jHjia:djla ia:dmkh l< miq tys kdhl f' wd' chjOk uy;d m%:u Odhl ckdm;s Oqrhg m;a jQfhah' .;jQ jI .Kkdj ;=< Odhl ckdm;s Oqrh ;=<ska m%cd;ka;%jd l%shdoduhg t,a, jk wk;=re fukau ue;sjrK l%ufha ydkslr lghq;= .ek o ffu;%Smd, isfiak uy;d fyd| wjfndaOhla we;s lr .;af;ah' uyskao rdcmCI ckdm;s;=udf.a weu;s uKav,fha is ld,h ;=< o Tyq Odhl ckdm;s ;k;=f n,h ;j;a jOkh jk wkaou gqfh' tneka Tyqg rf foaYmd,k l%ufha fjkila we;s lr 1931 mgka furf mej;s ijck Pkao n,h jvd;a w:dka; lsug m%cd;ka;%jd l%ufoh iu;a lsf wjYH;djh wjfndaO h'

mlaIhg ie,lsh hq;= foaYmd,k Ialr;d meje;s iuhl fmdf<dkakrej ia;s%lalfha YS% ,xld ksoyia mlaI f,al f,i m;a jq 1979 jir o Tyqf.a foaYmd,k fha jeo.;a jirls'  YS% ,xld ksoyia mlaI kdhl ysgmq w.ue;sks isufjda nKavdrkdhl ue;skshf.a m%cd whs;Ska wys lsug md,l tlai;a cd;sl mlaIfha ;SrKhg tfrys uyck Woaf>daIKhkag iyNd.S u fya;=fjka w;a wvx.=jg .;a Tyqg fl l,la isr.;j isug is h'

Bg miq jIfha Tyq YS% ,xld ksoyia mlaIfha fmdf<dkakrej ia;s%la ixOdhl f,i m;a jq w;r ia;s%la ugka mlaIhg kdhl;ajh u wdrN lf<ah' b;d blauKska 1981 m jHdma; YS% ,xld ksoyia mlaI ;reK ixOdkfha NdKavd.dl f,i m;a jq Tyq mlaIfha ;SrK .kakd by<u ;,h jk YS% ,xld ksoyia mlaI uOHu lgqf idudl;ajh ,nd .;af;ah'

md,sfka;= foaYmd,kh

fmdf<dkakrej ia;%slalfhka 1989 md,sfka;= ue;sjrKhg ;r. lsfuka Tyqf.a md,sfka;= foaYmd,k wd.ukh werUqKss' tys Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIfha zw;Z ,l=Kska ;r. lr ch.;a Tyq 1989 fmnrjd 15 jkod md,sfka;=jg f;a m;ah' fuh Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIh yd md,sfka;=j yryd Tyqf.a > ld,Sk cd;sl fiajdjl wdrNh h'

ia;%slalfha by<u ukdm Pkao ,nd .kska 1994 uy ue;sjrKfha fmdf<dkakrej ia;%slalfhka kej; jrla md,sfka;=jg f;a m;ajQ ffu;%Smd, isfiak tjlg msysgjQ rcfha jdud. ksfhdacH wud;H Oqrfhka ms ,eh'  miqj uyje,s ixjOk yd md,sfka;= lghq;= ms<sn| wud;H Oqrhg m;a u;a iu`. Tyqf.a m%.ukh wLKavj bhg .sh w;r Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIfha Wm f,al f,i o Tyq f;a m;a h' B<`. jif tk jir 2000 Tyq Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIfha Wm iNdm;s f,i f;a m;ajk ,'

2001 12 jk md,sfka;=jg f;a m;ajQ Tyq tu jif cQ,s udifha Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIfha uy f,al f,i f;a m;a jQ w;r 2015 ckdm;sjrKfha mCIfha fmd wfmaCIlhd f,i ;r. lrk njg Tyqf.a ;SrKh m%ldYhg m;a lrk wjia:dj olajdu tu Oqrh fynh' jeu l,la Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIfha uy f,al moh Wiq,k ,oafoa fuu ckdm;sjrKfhka ch.;a ffu;%Smd, isfiak uy;d isks'

tlai;a ck;d ksoyia ikaOdkfha ys ug ux mE Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIh yd ck;d uqla;s fmruqK w;r wjfndaO;d .siqug 2004 fmnrjd udifha w;aika ;nk ,oafoa ffu;%Smd, isfiak uy;dh' bkamiq mej;s uy ue;sjrKfha Y%S ,xldf 13 fjks md,sfka;=jg f;a m;ajQ Tyq uyje,s .x.d ksk yd rcrg ixjOkh ms<sn| lek wud;Hjrhd f,i o md,sfka;= iNd kdhl f,i o m;ah'

2005 fkdjen udifha lDIslu jdud. yd uyje,s ixjOk wud;H iy mir yd iajdNdl im;a wud;H Oqrhkag Tyqj m;a lrk ,'

fou< B<d uqla;s fld ixOdkfha fnjd ;%ia;jdoh ksid rf yg.;a wdhqO ikakoaO wnqoh ksud lsu i|yd rch yd reoaO mCIh w;r iyfhda.S;djh fjkqfjka jQ Y%S ,xld ksoyia mCIh yd tlai;a cd;sl mCIh w;r wjfndaO;d .siqug Tyq iska w;aika ;ef ;SrKd;aul isu 2006 ish'

miqj Tyq iska lDIslu ixjOk yd lDIs fiajd ixjOk wud;H Oqrh ork ld,h ;=< Y%S ,xldf lDIsldl wxYfha ;sridr;ajh fjkqfjka c ksIamdokh f.j;a lsu we;=<;a Y%S ,xldj mqrd lDIsldl m%fndaOhlg uq,a jQ jevigykla jk wud;HxYfha fYaI lDIslu j.d ix.%duh wms jjuq - rg k.uq jevigyk ykajd fok ,'

uyje,s m%Odk ie,eiau hgf;a Y%S ,xld remsh,a ,shk 90l fudr.ylkao - l`M .`. fhdackd l%uh Tyq iska 2007 ckjd 25 jkod wdrN lrk ,' W;=re ueo" W;=re yd kef.kysr m<d;aj, jd ludka;hg yd mdkSh c, wjYH;d fjkqfjka c,h iemhSug wu;rj .Dyia; yd ludka; ,sn, wjYH;djfha .= ld,Sk wjYH;djla imqrd,ka fudr.ylkao jHdmD;sfhka fu.d fjd 25 l ,s n,h ckkh flf'

;%ia;jdofha ;ck

2007 ud;= udifha wud;H ffu;%Smd, isfiak t,a'''B'fha urdf.k uefrk ;%ia;jdka iska je,slkafoa t,a, l< m%ydrhlska ;=jd, ,eh' fuu m%ydrhg ;%ia;jdka ;sfofkl= j. lsjhq;= njg wdrCIl wxY iska ykd .kakd ,o w;r Tjqyq w;a wvx.=jg .kakd wjia:df ish fn,af,a me<| is ihkhs lr,a .s,Sfuka ish ydks lr .;ay'

2008 Tlaf;dan 9 jeksod kej; j;djla Tyq nKavdr.u meje;s jma u=,a W;aijhg iyNd.S mefKka ish t,a'''B fha b,lalhg Tyqj yiqlr .ekSug W;aidy oereKs'  is fofkl= ;laIhg m;a 15 fofkl= ;=jd, ,enq tu m%ydrfhka Tyq fu ffofjdam.; isuls'

YS% ,xldf ;%ia;jdohg tfrys hqoaOh WP;u wjia:djg m;a j ;snq 2005 jif isg ffu;S%md, isfiak jev n,k wdrlaIl wud;Hjrhd f,i mia j;djla lghq;= l< w;r hqoaOfha wjika kj, wdrlaIl wud;Hjrhd o jk ckdm;sjrhd rfgka neyerj is wjia:df jev n,k wdrlaIl wud;Hjrhd f,i lghq;= lf<ao ffu;S%md, isfiak h'

2010 jif ffu;S%md, isfiak tlai;a ck;d ksoyia ikaOdk rcfha fi!LH wud;Hjrhd f,i m;a h' t;=< Tyq 2010 isg 2014 olajd rf plaIKYS,S yd ck;d - ysff;YS fT!IO iemhqula iy;sl lsug ffjoH fiakl f,a iska wkqu; lrk ,o cd;sl fT!IO m%;sm;a;sh wd:j;aj ls%hdjg kexug o uq, msh'

fld< ksIamdok weiqreu u; rEmuh wjjdo we;=<;a lsu i|yd kS;Hdkql+, wjYH;djka ykajdug Tyq Yd, jYfhka uq, ms h' Widh ;=< yd msg; nyq cd;sl fld< iud. iu .efgka tjka rEmuh wjjdo we;=<;a lsu iy;sl lsug jq Tyqf.a W;aidyh id:l jqfha wlrK ksfhda.hla ,nd .ekSfuks' tuska  f wdkj ms<sn|j uyck;dj oekqj;a flKs'

cd;Hka;r ms<s.ekqu

ffu;S%md, isfiak fi!LH weu;s f,i l< fiajh f,dal fi!LH ixOdkfha buy;a ms<s.ekaug ,lah' fi!LH weu;s jYfhka Y%S ,xldf mdkh kj;d,Su i|yd lajQ wIaGdkh Wfoid Tyq f,dal fi!LH ixOdkfha 2013 f,dal fld< Nd;h ;=rka lsf iudkh mskuk ,' f f.!rjh ,;a m%:u Y%S ,dxlslhd Tyq h'

tlai;a ckmofha uyck fi!LHh i|yd jQ ydj oHd,h iy flk wdKavql%u oHd,h Tyq Y%S ,xldf fi!LH wud;Hjrhd jYfhka ms<sUq l< ksudKd;aul kdhl;ajh w.h lrka 2013 ydj wud;H kdhl;ajh Wfoid jQ fi!LH iudkh mskuk ,'

kSjd ys mej;s 2013 G - 15 f,dal fi!LH if,kfha Tyq fi!LH Wfoid jQ G - 15 m%ldYkh bm;a lsf wjia:dj ys jQ w;r tys m%;sM,hla jYfhka 2014 f,dal fi!LH if,kfha Wm iNdm;s mo y;frka tllg Tyq m;a lr .kakd ,'

fi!LH weu;sjrhd jYfhka Tyq uq,a .;a mshjr w;r foaYSh T!IO ksIamdok iud.j, ih jOkh lsu Wfoid fi!LH wud;HxYhg foaYSh iud.j,ska T!IO , .ekSug wjir ,nd u o f' idudkH ck;djg myiq ,g T!IO ,nd u Wfoid Y%S ,xldj iy nx.,dfoaYh w;r jeo.;a .siqula w;aika ;eu Tyq fi!LH weu;s jYfhka l< ;j;a jeo.;a ldhhls'

ckdm;s Oqrh

2014 fkdjen udifha Tyq t;r b mshjrla ;nka Odhl ckdm;s uyskao rdcmCI uy;d ish yh jil Oqr ld,h wjika ug fojirlg fmr" jdod;aul wdKavql%u jHjia:d ixfYdaOkhla ;=<ska fojrlg iSudj ;snQ ckdm;s Oqr iSudj bj;a lsu hgf;a f;jk jrg o ih jirla i|yd m;af wfmACIdj we;sj meje;aug ;SrKh l< ckm;sjrKfha mCIfha fmd wfmaCIlhd njg m;aug tl`.;ajh m, lf<ah' ffu;%Smd, isfiak uy;d tu wdKavql%u jHjia:d ixfYdaOkh bj;a lsug;a Odhl ckdm;s Oqrfha n,;, wvq lsug;a jvd;a m%cd;ka;%jd f,i jHjia:dodhlh" Odhlh iy wlrKh w;r n,h fnod .ekSu ;=<ska hy md,kh iy;sl lsug;a" rg w,a,ia IKfhka uqojd .ekSug;a ffu;%S md,khla" ia:djr rgla f;audfjka rgmqrd id:l ue;sjrK jHdmdrhla h;a lf<ah'

taldnoaO mCI ikaOdkh cd;sl m%cd;ka;%jd fmruqfKa wfmaCIlhd f,i Tyq 2015 ckjd 08 ckdm;sjrKhg fmd wfmaCIlhd f,i bm;a lsug talu;slj ;Ska l< w;r" ue;sjrKfhka ch.;a ffu;S%md, isfiak uy;d Y%S ,xldf yhjk ckdm;s mohg m;a jQfhah'

chka;s mqIamd l=ud uy;ah iu`. jdy isk isfiak uy;dg hKshka fofofkl= iy tla mq;%fhl= is'

 


 
   
     
   
   

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Last modified: January 22, 2015.

 

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