[dhjpgjpapd; ciufs;

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[dhjpgjpapd; Rje;jpu jpd ciu

 

rq;iff;Fupa k`hrq;fj;jpdNu>
rq;iff;Fupa kj FUkhh;fNs>
nfsut gpujk mikr;rh; mth;fNs>
nfsut rghehafh; mth;fNs>
gpujk ePjpaurH mtHfNs>
[dhjpgjpapd; nrayhsh; cl;gl midj;J mur cj;jpNahfj;jh;fNs>
ghJfhg;Gg; gilapd; jiytHfs; cl;gl Vida nfsut mjpjpfNs>
jha;khh;fNs> je;ijkhh;fNs>
md;ghd gps;isfNs>
mz;gh;fNs>
ez;gh;fNs>

67 MtJ Rje;jpu jpdj;ij kpFe;j mgpkhdj;Jld; ,d;W ehk; nfhz;lhLfpNwhk;. tuyhw;W Kf;fpaj;Jtk; kpf;f mbj;jsKk; Kf;fpaj;JtKk; nfhz;l = [atu;j;jdGu Nfhl;il gpuNjrj;jpy; ghuhSkd;wj;jpw;fUfpy; ,Ue;J ciuahw;w fpilj;jJ Fwpj;J kfpo;r;rpailfpNwd;.

67 tUlq;fSf;F Kd;du; Rje;jpuj;ij ngw;Wf;nfhLf;f Nghuhba tPuu;fis epidT $u Ntz;baJ vkJ nghWg;ghFk;. 1815 ,y; fhydpj;Jt Ml;rpf;fhyk; ehl;bw;F kpfTk; Jujpu;\;ltrkhd fhyg;gFjpahFk;. 1818> 1848 ,y; fhydpj;Jt Ml;rpahsu;fSf;F vjpuhf ele;j Nghuhl;lq;fspdhy; jha; ehl;by; ,uj;j MW XbaJ. vkJ tPuj; jpahfpfspd; ,uj;jj;jpdhy; vkJ jha; kz; eide;jJ. 1948 tiu vkJ ehl;bw;F Rje;jpuk; fpilf;ftpy;iy. 1818 Kjy; 1848 tiu vkJ ehl;bypUe;J Njrpa tPuu;fs; Njrpa Nghuhl;lj;jpw;F ngUk; gq;fhw;wp Rje;jpuj;jpw;F gq;fhw;wpdu;.

mtu;fs; Kd;ndLj;j Nghuhl;lk; gy re;ju;g;gq;fspy; mikjpahd nrh&gj;ij nfhz;bUe;jJ. rpy Neuk; mfpk;ir Nghf;if fhl;baJ. vjpu;g;Gfs;> Mu;g;ghl;lq;fs;> Ntiy epWj;jq;fs; %yk; Nkiyj;Nja Ml;rpf;F vjpuhf kf;fs; mzpjpuz;lhu;fs;. Njrpa Rje;jpug; Nghuhl;lj;jpd; gadhf nlhd%u; Mizf;FO kw;Wk; Nrhy;gup Mizf;FO vd;gd vkJ ehl;by; cUthf;fg;gl;ld.
mNjNghd;W Rje;jpuj;ij ntd;nwLf;f b.v];. Nrdhehaf;f> vg;.Mu;. Nrdhehaf;f> gP.B. n[ajpyf> nghd;dk;gyk; uhkehjd;> B.gp. [hah> v];.lgps;A. Mu;.b.gz;lhuehaf;f> vd;.vk;. ngNuuh> gpypg; Fztu;jd> ny];yp Fztu;jd Nghd;w tPuu;fs; gq;fhw;wpdhu;fs;. Fwpg;ghf mefhupf ju;kghyitAk; epidT$u Ntz;Lk;. me;jf; fhy fl;lj;jpy; tho;e;j ,yf;fpathjpfs; jkJ Ngdhf;fspD}lhf jkJ Njrpa nghWg;ig cau;e;j kl;lj;jpy; epiwNtw;wpapUe;jhu;fs;.

fle;j 67 tUlq;fis epidT$Wifapy; tuyhw;wpy; vkf;F epiwa ghlq;fs; cs;sd. 1948 ,y; Rje;jpuk; fpilj;j gpd;du; 1956 Mk; Mz;by; cUthf;fg;gl;l v];.lgps;A.Mu;.b. gz;lhuehaf;ftpd; murhq;fk;> fl;Lehaf;f kw;Wk; jpUNfhzkiy gFjpfspy; ,Ue;j ,uhZt Kfhk;fis mfw;w eltbf;if vLj;jJ. =khNth gz;lhuehaf;f murhq;fk; 1972 Nk khjj;jpy; FbauR ahg;nghd;iw cUthf;fp FbauR NkYk; [dehafKk; Rje;jpuKk; nfhz;l ehlhf khw;wpaJ. 1970 fspd; gpw;gFjpapy; Muk;gkhd 30 tUl vy;.uP.uP.<. gaq;futhj Aj;jj;jpdhy; vkJ KO NjrKk; mopTf;Fs; js;sg;gl;lJ. ,jdhy; Vw;gl;l Nrjq;fs; kw;Wk; e\;lj;ij fzpg;gpl ,ayhJ.

ehl;bd; vjpu;fhyj;Jf;Fk; vkJ ehL vOr;rp ngwTk; ,e;j F&u Aj;jk; ngUk; jilahf mike;jJ. 2009 Mk; Mz;by; 30 tUl Aj;jj;jpw;F KbT fhz Kbe;jJ. k`pe;j uh[gf;\ Ml;rpf;F te;j gpd; n[duy; ruj; nghd;Nrfh Nghd;w gil tPuu;fSld; vkJ tPuk; kpf;f gil tPuu;fs; capu; jpahfj;jpdhy; 2009 Nk khjj;jpy; gaq;futhjj;jpypUe;J ehl;il kPl;f Kbe;jJ.

jha; ehl;bw;fhfTk; kf;fSf;fhfTk; capu; jpahfk; nra;j gil tPuu;fis ,e;j Rje;jpu jpdj;jpy; epidT $UtJ vkJ nghWg;ghFk;. 2009 Mk; Mz;lhFk; NghJ Gypg; gaq;futhjj;jpw;F KbT fl;b ehl;by; mikjp epiyia Vw;gLj;jp ehl;bd; ngsjPf tsq;fis mgptpUj;jp nra;a Kbe;jhYk; tlf;fpYk; njw;fpYk; thOk; kf;fspd; cs;sq;fis ,izf;f KbahjpUe;jJ. gaq;futhjpfspd; Jg;ghf;fp R+l;Lr; rj;jk; vkJ gilapdupd; R+l;Lr; rj;jj;jpdhy; nksdkhf;fg;gl;lJ.

ngsjPf uPjpapy; Aj;jk; Kbj;J itf;fg; gl;lJ. Mdhy; vkf;F ,d;wpUf;Fk; ghupa rthy; tlf;fpYk; njw;fpYk; cs;s kf;fspd; cs;sq;fis ,izj;J rftho;itAk; ey;ypzf;fj;ijAk; Vw;gLj;JtjhFk;. Njrpa ey;ypzf;f nraw;ghl;bD}lhf Njrpa If;fpaj;Jld; vkJ jha; ehl;il kdpjhgpkhd Njrkhf Kd;Ndhf;fp nfhz;L nry;y Ntz;Lk;.

ehl;il ,t;thW Kd;Ndw;Wifapy; vk;Kd; gy nghWg;Gf;fs; fhzg;gLfpd;wd. 67 tUl fle;j fhyk; Fwpj;J jpUk;gpg;ghu;f;ifapy; vkf;F cz;ikapy; kfpo;r;rp mila KbAkh? ,J njhlu;gpy; khwp khwp tpuiy ePl;bf; nfhs;tJ vkJ nghWg;gy;y. 67 tUlq;fs; ehl;il Ml;rp Gupe;j rfy murpay; fl;rpfSk; fl;rpj; jiytu;fSk; ,d;W tiu jhk; nra;j gzp Fwpj;J jkJ gf;fk; tpuiy ePl;b rpe;jpf;f Ntz;Lk;. jkJ nghWg;G Fwpj;Jk; rpe;jpf;f Ntz;baJ mtrpakhFk;. vkf;F vq;F jtW ele;jJ? mtw;iw ehk; vt;thW jpUj;jpf;nfhs;tJ? vd rpe;jpg;gJ vkJ nghWg;Gk; flikAkhFk;.

67 tUl Rje;jpuj;jpd; ghijia Nghd;Nw 2009 Mk; Mz;bd; gpd; ehl;by; mikjp epiyehl;lg;gl;l gpd;du; cs;s epiy Fwpj;J vk;khy; kfpo;r;rp mila KbAkh? kf;fSf;fpilapy; fhzg;gLk; tUkhd Vw;wj;jho;T> tWik vd;gd kpfg;ngUk; gpur;rpid Nghd;Nw ghupa rthyhfTk; cs;sJ. ,J ehk; fl;lhak; jPu;f;f Ntz;ba gpur;rpidahFk;.

[dtup 8 Mk; jpfjp Gjpa murhq;fnkhd;Wf;F kf;fs; Mizia toq;fpdhu;fs;. vkJ ehl;by; Gjpa khw;wnkhd;iw Vw;gLj;Jtjhf ehk; kf;fSf;F thf;FWjp toq;fpapUe;Njhk;. murpay;> nghUshjhu> r%f> fyhrhu uPjpapyhd khw;wj;ij Vw;gLj;J tjhf $wpapUe;Njhk;. mtw;iw epiwNtw;w ehk; fl;Lg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. fle;j 03 thu fhyj;jpy; mjw;fhd Muk;g mbj;jsk; ,lg;gl;lJ.

vkJ ehl;bd; tWik tPjk; 6.7 Mf fhzg;gLfpwJ. ,J Fwpj;J ftdk; nrYj;jp mjid kl;Lg;gLj;j mu;g;gzpg;Gld; nraw;gl Ntz;Lk;. kf;fs; ek;gpf;if itj;Js;s Gjpa murhq;fk; gpujhdkhf kf;fspd; tWik epiyia Nghf;f eltbf;if vLf;f Ntz;Lk;. tWikia xopj;J cs;Shu; nghUshjhuj;ij gyg;gLj;j Gjpa murhq;fk; eltbf;if vLf;Fk;.

tptrha ehL vd;w tifapy; Njrpa tptrhaj;Jiwia etPd njhopy;El;g cjtpAld; Kd;Ndw;w Ntz;Lk;. mur Jiwia gyg;gLj;jp gf;fr;rhu;gpd;wp nraw;gLk; epiyia cUthf;f Ntz;Lk;. murpayikg;G jpUj;jj;jpD}lhf ghuhSkd;wj;jpd; mjpfhuj;ij gyg;gLj;jp epiwNtw;W mjpfhuk; nfhz;l [dhjpgjp Kiwf;F ,Uf;Fk; $Ljy; mjpfhuq;fis mfw;WtjpD}lhf ehl;L kf;fspd; [dehafj;ijAk; Rje;jpuj;ijAk; cWjp nra;a ehk; fl;Lg;gl;Ls;Nshk;. kf;fSf;F toq;fpa thf;FWjpapd; gpufhuk; ehk; ,tw;iw epr;rakhf epiwNtw;WNthk;.

Njrpa uPjpapyhd gpur;rpidfis jPu;f;fTk; jpUj;jpf;nfhs;sTk; eltbf;if vLg;gJ Nghd;Nw vkJ ntspehl;L nfhs;ifia gyg;gLj;jp eLepiyahd ntspehl;L nfhs;ifapD}lhf rfy ,dq;fSf;fpilapYk; ey;YwitAk; el;GwitAk; fl;bnaOg;gp Gjpa cyfpy; Gjpa njhopy;El;gk; kw;Wk; Ma;T vd;gtw;iw gad;gLj;jp vkJ jha; ehl;il gue;j mstpy; mgptpUj;jp nra;a ehk; mu;g;gzpg;Gld; nraw; gLNthk;.

Gjpa re;jjpapdiu etPd njhopEl;gj;Jld; ,izg;gJ Nghd;Nw etPd cyFld; Gjpa re;jjpia ,izg;gJ mtrpakhFk;. Gjpa re;jjpapd; tpUg;G ntWg;Gfis Gupe;J nfhz;l murhq;fk; vd;w tifapy; mtu;fSila vjpu;ghu;g;Gfis epiwNtw;WNthk; eLepiyahd ntspehl;Lf; nfhs;ifapd; %yk; ru;tNjr kl;lj;jpy; rfyuJk; xj;Jiog;ig ngw;W I.eh. rigapd; nfhs;iffis gpd;gw;wp vkJ ehl;il cyfpy; jiy rpwe;j ehlhf fl;bnaOg;Gk; gzpia ehk; Nkw;nfhs;Nthk;.

me;j tifapy; 67tJ Rje;jpu jpdj;jpy; 67tUl fle;j fhyj;ij jpUk;gpg; ghu;g;gJ Nghd;Nw vjpHfhyj;ijf; fUj;jpw;nfhz;L vkJ Gjpa murhq;fk; vkJ md;ghd kf;fSld; vkJ Nkyhd jha; ehl;il fl;bnaOg;g mu;g;gzpg;Gld; nraw;gLk; vd;gijAk; Fwpg;gpl tpUk;GfpNwd;.

cq;fs; vy;NyhUf;Fk; ed;wp> Kk;kzpfspd; Mrpfs;
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Last modified: February 09, 2015.

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